The World of Mangoes: Types, Varieties, Market Trends & Health Benefits

 Today we know all about mangoes – from popular varieties like Alphonso and Ataulfo ​​to their global market (International Market Indian Market) presence and health benefits, Scientific Names, Recent News. Dive into the juicy details now!


Mangos, known scientifically as Mangifera indica, are a popular tropical fruit with a rich history and a wide variety of cultivars. Here’s more information on different aspects of mangos:

Mangoes, those delightful tropical fruits, lure us in with their vivid hues, irresistible fragrance, and delicious flavor. Originating in South Asia, they’ve earned a special place in hearts around the globe. Picture slicing into a mango to reveal its smooth, golden-orange flesh bursting with juicy sweetness and a hint of tanginess. Whether you enjoy them fresh, tossed into salads, blended into smoothies, or added to savory recipes, mangoes infuse a tropical essence into any dish.

Not only are mangoes a delight for the taste buds, but they’re also packed with goodness. Loaded with essential nutrients like vitamins A and C, fiber, and antioxidants, they’re a wholesome choice for a healthy lifestyle.

With hundreds of named cultivars, ‘Alphonso’ reigns as a superstar export, earning the title “the king of mangoes.” Yet, dominating the world market is ‘Tommy Atkins,’ prized for its productivity, disease resistance, shelf life, and ease of transport.

When ripe, mangoes sport an inviting orange-yellow or reddish peel and are bursting with juiciness, perfect for immediate enjoyment. However, exported mangoes are often picked slightly underripe with green peels to endure the journey.

The versatility of mangoes knows no bounds. From smoothies to ice cream, fruit bars, pies, and even savory sauces, they showcase their culinary diversity and global appeal. Mangoes truly embody the essence of tropical indulgence, offering a burst of sunshine in every bite.



Types & VarietiesAlphonso, Keitt, Ataulfo, Tommy Atkins, Kent, Haden, Francis, Carabao, Nam Doc Mai, Palmer
International MarketMajor exporters include India, Mexico, Thailand, the Philippines, and Pakistan.
Indian MarketIndia cultivates numerous varieties like Alphonso, Banganapalli, Dasheri, Langra, and Kesar.
Top 10 Mango Producing Countries (2022)India, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Pakistan, Mexico, Philippines, Nigeria, Brazil, Egypt
Lowest 10 Mango Producing Countries (2022)
Malta, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Iceland, Barbados, Saint Lucia, Grenada, Belize, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe
Health Benefits
Rich in vitamins A and C, high in dietary fiber, antioxidants, may help lower cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease.
Scientific NamesMangifera indica, Mangifera foetida, Mangifera odorata, Mangifera sylvatica, Mangifera zeylanica
Recent NewsKeep updated on harvest seasons, export/import trends, new cultivars, and research findings.

Types and Varieties:

  1. Alphonso (Hapus): Known as the “king of mangoes,” Alphonso is a premium variety famous for its rich, creamy texture and sweet flavor. It’s primarily grown in India, especially in Maharashtra and Gujarat.

  2. Keitt: Originating from Florida, Keitt mangoes are large, green-skinned fruits with a sweet and tangy flavor.

  3. Ataulfo (Honey, Champagne): Originating from Mexico, Ataulfo mangoes are small, golden-yellow fruits with a buttery texture and a sweet, creamy taste.

  4. Tommy Atkins: A popular commercial variety, Tommy Atkins mangoes have a reddish-green skin and a sweet, mildly tart flavor.

  5. Kent: Kent mangoes are large and oval-shaped, with a sweet and rich flavor. They are grown in many tropical regions.

  6. Haden: Haden mangoes have a rich, sweet flavor with hints of citrus. They are typically medium-sized with a green and red skin.

  7. Francis: Francis mangoes are known for their sweet, aromatic flavor and smooth, fiberless flesh.

  8. Carabao (Philippine): Originating from the Philippines, Carabao mangoes are large and oval-shaped, with a sweet, juicy flesh and a thin seed.

  9. Nam Doc Mai: A Thai variety, Nam Doc Mai mangoes have a sweet, floral flavor and a fiberless texture.

  10. Palmer: Palmer mangoes are medium to large-sized fruits with a sweet and tangy flavor. They are popular in the United States.

International Market:

Mangos are widely traded in the international market, with major exporters including India, Mexico, Thailand, the Philippines, and Pakistan. These countries produce various mango varieties and export them to countries around the world, including the United States, Europe, and the Middle East.


Indian Market:

India is one of the largest producers and consumers of mangos. It cultivates numerous varieties of mangoes, with Alphonso, Banganapalli, Dasheri, Langra, and Kesar being among the most popular. Mangoes are consumed fresh, processed into products like pulp, juice, and chutney, and exported to various countries.


Top 10 Mango Producing Countries (2022):

  1. India

  2. China

  3. Thailand

  4. Indonesia

  5. Pakistan

  6. Mexico

  7. Philippines

  8. Nigeria

  9. Brazil

  10. Egypt

Lowest 10 Mango Producing Countries (2022):

  1. Malta

  2. Luxembourg

  3. Liechtenstein

  4. Iceland

  5. Barbados

  6. Saint Lucia

  7. Grenada

  8. Belize

  9. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

  10. Sao Tome and Principe

Health Benefits:

Mangoes are not only delicious but also offer several health benefits:


  • Rich in vitamins A and C, which support immune function and skin health.

  • High in dietary fiber, which aids digestion and promotes gut health.

  • Contains antioxidants like betacarotene and polyphenols, which help protect against cell damage and inflammation.

  • May help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

  • Provides potassium, which is essential for heart health and blood pressure regulation.

Scientific Names:

  • Mangifera indica (Common Mango)

  • Mangifera foetida (Horse Mango)

  • Mangifera odorata (Kuweni mango)

  • Mangifera sylvatica (Wild Mango)

  • Mangifera zeylanica (Ceylon Mango)

Recent News:

News about mangoes typically revolves around harvest seasons, export/import trends, new cultivars, and research on mango cultivation, nutrition, and health benefits. For the latest news, you can check agricultural news websites, mango industry publications, or general news outlets.


Mangoes are not just a delicious fruit but also an integral part of various cultures and cuisines around the world. Whether enjoyed fresh, in smoothies, salads, or desserts, they continue to be a beloved fruit globally.

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